Solidarité et développement

Secret Agreements Ww1

Par • 6 Oct, 2021 • Catégorie: Non classé •

More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, have drafted another secret agreement on the future spoils of the First World War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure France`s control of Syria; For its part, Sykes asked the United Kingdom to compensate for the influence in the region. The deal largely overlooked the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and military used to their advantage against the Turks. Today, the governments of the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as a number of allies, are trying to contain ISIS in Iraq and Syria, while ending the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. It is a complex process that encompasses both public and covert diplomacy, as well as military operations that are both covert and announced. But these efforts were disoriented by the intervention of Russia, which has firmly backed Assad and attacked rebel groups allied with the United States and Britain. Lazy commentators readily attribute the dispute in the Middle East to the false statement of « ancient hatred, » ethnic and sectarian conflicts that date back centuries in the region. As Russia`s continued role in deepening Anglo-American efforts shows, one of the most endy geopolitical conflicts in the Levant is only 100 years old this year. Lloyd George, for his part, gave a speech on 5 January on the objectives of the war, which contains references to the right to self-determination and the « agreement of the governed », as well as to secret treaties and changes in circumstances with regard to them. Three days later, Wilson and his Fourteen Points, the twelfth being that the Turkish parts of the present Ottoman Empire were to be assured of secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities that are now under Turkish rule should be assured of undisputed security of life and an absolutely undisputed chance for autonomous development.

The deal was negotiated on the British side by Mark Sykes, an aristocrat and soldier. A veteran of the Buren War and a Member of Parliament, he was picked from the reserves at the beginning of the First World War by Lord Kitchener, the Minister of War, and rescued from the front, becoming a leading hand in the Middle East. He barely survived the war: Sykes died of the Spanish flu in February 1919, while participating in the Paris Peace Conference that was to formalize the conditions of colonization. François Georges-Picot, who was negotiating on behalf of the French, was a little older, a career diplomat based in Beirut and Cairo. In 1935, Mussolini`s Italy was determined to annex Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and the League tried to moderate with little success between the two countries. . . .

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