Solidarité et développement

Good Friday Agreement Eu Involvement

Par • 10 Avr, 2021 • Catégorie: Non classé •

While U.S. support for the Good Friday agreement is largely bipartisan, there is also a lot of politicization that underlies Pelosi`s remarks. They reflect not only the obligation to protect the agreement, but also the complex interactions of political and diplomatic actors activated by Brexit on both sides of the Atlantic. Europe will demand the abolition of the DUP veto and just about the backstop station of the customs union. But even if the Johnson government finally admits everything, the result would be a terrible deal for the UK. And as the proposal is currently underway, it fundamentally undermines the Good Friday agreement. The result of these referendums was a large majority in both parts of Ireland in favour of the agreement. In the Republic, 56% of the electorate voted, 94% of the vote voted in favour of the revision of the Constitution. The turnout was 81% in Northern Ireland, with 71% of the vote for the agreement. Northern Ireland political parties that approved the agreement were also invited to consider the creation of an independent advisory forum, which would represent civil society, with members with expertise on social, cultural, economic and other issues, and would be appointed by both administrations. In 2002, a framework structure was agreed for the North-South Advisory Forum, and in 2006 the Northern Ireland Executive agreed to support its implementation.

In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement forced participants to find « exclusively democratic and peaceful means to resolve political differences. » These were two aspects: the agreement contains a complex set of provisions in a number of areas, including: the agreement reached was that Northern Ireland was part of the United Kingdom and remained until a majority of the population of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland wished otherwise. If this happens, the British and Irish governments will be « obliged » to implement this decision. During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU presented a position paper on its concerns about Britain`s support for the Good Friday agreement during Brexit. The position paper deals with issues such as the prevention of a hard border, north-south cooperation between the Republic of Northern Ireland, the birthright of all Northern Ireland residents (as stated in the agreement) and the common travel area. [31] [32] Anyone who was born in Northern Ireland and is therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement may retain European citizenship after Brexit. [33] As part of the EU`s Brexit negotiating guidelines, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been addressed in order to enter the second phase of the Brexit negotiations. In order to protect North-South cooperation and avoid controls at the Irish border, the United Kingdom, under the leadership of Prime Minister Theresa May, agreed to protect the agreement in all its parts, and « in the absence of agreed solutions, the United Kingdom would maintain full alignment with the rules of the internal market and customs union which, now or in the future, North-South cooperation support the island economy and the protection of the 1998 agreement , acknowledging that « it is the restriction that nothing is agreed until everything has been agreed. » [29] [34] [35] [36] This provision was part of an agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU, which was rejected three times by the British Parliament. [37] May`s successor, Prime Minister Boris Johnson, initially cited the « Irish backstop » that was to be withdrawn from the proposed agreement,[38] but finally accepted it after the negotiation of a new agreement between the UK and the EU on 17 October 2019. [39] [40] In September 2020, northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis informed the House of Commons that the British government intended to violate international law in a « specific and limited » manner by introducing a new bill that gives the British government new national powers to circumvent certain international contractual obligations to the EU, as stipulated in the Northern Ireland Protocol.

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